Socilogical researches

February 23, 2011

The summary of the report “Human rights in Ukraine, level of xenophobia, attitude to different social groups and regional tolerance”

When citing or otherwise using the materials of the report, it is obligatory to give the link to www.ihrpex.org. Any copying or reproduction of this text or any part thereof in any form with any purpose, except private use, without the written consent of the Institute of Human Rights and Prevention of Extremism and Xenophobia is illegal.

February 2011

 The Institute of Human Rights and Prevention of Extremism and Xenophobia (IHRPEX) 

Kyiv International Institute of Sociology 


The summary of the report “Human rights in Ukraine, level of xenophobia, attitude to different social groups and regional tolerance” 

CONCISE DESCRIPTION OF THE RESEARCH

The Kyiv International Institute of Sociology (KIIS) within the framework of cooperation with the Institute of Human Rights and Prevention of Extremism and Xenophobia (IHRPEX) in February 2011 carried out the representative sample interview of adult population of Ukraine. The questions, which were studied during the research, were devoted to the problem of observance of human rights, attitude to immigrants. The report is devoted to the results of this research. 

The poll was carried out by way of personal interview (face to face), 2025 respondents, at the age of 18 and older, living in 110 different centers of population (villages, towns and cities of all oblasts and Crimea, and in Kyiv), by the four-stage stochastic at each state sampling, were questioned. 

The sampling was based on random selection of postal areas across Ukraine (in all 24 oblasts of Ukraine and AR of Crimea). The process of sampling was based on a random selection of streets, houses and apartments within each postal area. The final stage was a random selection of respondents within households. 

The statistical error of sampling with a probability of 0.95 does not exceed 

2.3% for indices close to 50%, 

2,0% - for indices close to 25% and 75%, 

1,5% - for indices close to 12% and 88%, 

1,0% - for indices close to 5% and 95%, 

0,5% - for indices close to 1% and 99%, 

0,2% - for indices close to 0,2% and 99,8%.

(The provided theoretical values ​​of statistical error do not take the design effect into account; for most indices, the influence of design of applied in the poll stochastic sampling increases the error by not more than 1.5 times) 

OBSERVANCE OF HUMAN RIGHTS IN UKRAINE

 - Nearly half of the adult population of Ukraine (44%) often or more often during the last year had a feeling of humiliation or fear for violations of their rights in society. And 15% are those who often or very often had such experiences. 

- Among women aged 30 years or older, urban residents there are more of those, who during the previous year experienced a feeling of humiliation or fear for violations of their rights in society. 

- The index of the degree of subjective experience by residents of Ukraine of the feelings of humiliation or fear for violations of their rights in society, which varies from 0 (all people or in general, or very rarely have such feelings) to 100 (all people very often have such feeling), as of February 2011 is 23.4. In December 2010, the index was almost the same (23.0). 

- 13% of the adult population of Ukraine witnessed humiliation, harassment or violence based on ethnicity. 

ATTITUDE OF CITIZENS OF UKRAINE TO DIFFERENT SOCIAL GROUPS. LEVEL OF EXTREMISM

 - Half of the population of Ukraine (49%) considers that HIV patients do not need to be isolated from society. However, 29% hold the opposite view. During the recent 20 years, the positive developments were observed in Ukraine - the number of those who oppose the isolation increased significantly, and the number of those who, on the contrary, isolated AIDS patients from society significantly decreased. 

- From one third to a half of the Ukrainians consider that it is necessary to isolate such groups as alcoholics, homeless person, parasites, homosexuals, drug addicts. And the most negative attitude of people is directed at drug addicts – their exclusion is supported by 56% of the adult population of Ukraine. 

- The integral index of attitude to “marginal” groups of society, which ranges from 1 (strong objection to the need to isolate all of these groups) to 5 (strong belief that all groups must be isolated), as of February 2011 is 2.9. 

- Only 6% of respondents consider that there is no such groups, from which humanity must get rid of. First of all, the absolute majority of the population of Ukraine is convinced that humanity must get rid of terrorists (83% of respondents expressed such opinion) and drug dealers (75%). 

THE LEVEL AND DYNAMICS OF XENOPHOBIA IN UKRAINE

- The hierarchy of public prejudice is the following: the Ukrainian-speaking Ukrainians, the Russian-speaking Ukrainians, the Russians and the Belarusians then. Then, they are followed by Poles and Jews (the difference of their indices is insignificant), then approximately at the same level, the Germans, the Crimean Tatars, the French, the Americans, the Canadians, the Romanians. The highest observed level of xenophobia is observed among the Indians, the Caucasians, the Asians, the Africans, the Arabs and the Gypsies. 

- The level of xenophobia from 1994 to 2011 significantly increased, the maximum level of xenophobia was in 2007, during the previous three years the tendency of stabilization of the level of xenophobia is observed. 

ATTITUDE TO IMMIGRANTS

- Only 6% of adult citizens of Ukraine believe that no immigrants should be allowed to come to Ukraine. At the same time, only 20% consider that nobody should be allowed to arrive. Attitude to others is clearly differentiated. Thus, citizens of Ukraine have the most positive attitude to the Ukrainians and the Slavs, and the worst one to people from Latin America, the Asians, the Africans. 

REGIONAL TOLERANCE

 - Half of the Ukrainians (46%) considers that there are no regions in Ukraine where the population has quite different political views. Those who were able to determine the region, often called Galychyna (11%) and Donbass (8%). 

- Citizens of Western Ukraine often called territories of Southern and Eastern Ukraine, and the inhabitants of the latter two regions called Western Ukraine. Residents of the Central region equally called both Western Ukraine and Southern / Eastern Ukraine. 

 - Many residents of Southern and Eastern Ukraine, who called the West, consider that the people of the Western region have similar to fascism views. But many residents of the West consider that the residents of Southern and Eastern Ukraine have views close to Stalinism. A large number of people from different regions as well consider that the regions-ideological opponents hamper the transformation of Ukraine into a modern European state. 

- However, at the same time, the majority of people, for whom there are “ideologically” opposite regions, consider that they are still entitled to their views, though different from their own. 

- If 8% of residents of Western Ukraine consider that the life in Ukraine would be better without the South / East, then respectively 20% and 29% of residents of South and East have the similar opinion about the West. 8% of residents of the Center, who called the South / East, consider the life in Ukraine would be better without these territories. 16% of the residents of the Centre have the similar opinion about the West. 

The integral index of regional tolerance (estimated for those who have an understanding of the most politically opposition to them region), which varies from 0 (tolerance) to 100 (intolerance), as of February 2011 is 39.0. Relatively the most tolerance is demonstrated by people of the Centre of Ukraine, and the inhabitants of West, South and East is rather intolerant.