NBU: Ukrainians go to work in Poland more frequently, and less frequently in Russia


February 6, 2018

NBU: Ukrainians go to work in Poland more frequently, and less frequently in Russia

Ukrainian citizens started to go to work in Poland more frequently, while the migration to Russia reduced. 

It was indicated in the inflation report by the National Bank of Ukraine. 

“During the recent years, the rates of internal and external labour migration increased in Ukraine, which, among other factors, was caused by the military aggression, macroeconomic crisis and deterioration of household well-being, as well as the high level of youth unemployment,” the report states. 

According to the report, Ukrainians went to work mostly in Poland, Russia, Italy and the Czech Republic. 

“It should be noted that during the last years, the flows of Ukrainian migrants to Poland increased significantly (on the background of the economic growth in Poland, simplification of the employment rules, provision of the range of benefits and opportunities for Ukrainians with the Polish Card, and finally, the simplification of border crossing thanks to visa-free regime with the EU countries). Meanwhile, migration to Russia decreased, including due to the complicated relations between the countries,” the NBU states. 

According to Eurostat, 87% of residence permits obtained by Ukrainians in the EU in 2016 were issued by Poland. According to the Ministry of Family, Labour and Social Policy of Poland, 95% of all labour permits issued by the country during the first half of 2017 were obtained by Ukrainians. 

The NBU expects that the migration processes may intensify within the next few years, in particular to Poland. The additional risk of the rise of labour migration from Ukraine is the increase of the number of students studying abroad.